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Scientific Classification of Orange

Citrus Fruits

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Classification

Domain
Eukarya

Kingdom
Plantae

Subkingdom
Tracheobionta

Division
Magnoliophyta

Class
Magnoliopsida
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Subclass
Rosidae
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Order
Sapindales
📊

Family
Rutaceae
📊

Genus
Citrus

Species
C. × sinensis

Generic Group
Citrus fruit
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Why is Orange Classification needed?

Why is Orange classification needed? It is essential for grouping this fruit accurately in Kingdom Plantae. Classification of this fruit is done on the basis of its family, order, genus and species. It tells about the basic Characteristics of Orange and helps understand its taxonomic relationship with other fruits. It belongs to Magnoliophyta division. This division includes all the flowering plants, also known as Angiosperms. Magnoliophyta can be further split into two classes: Liliopsida and Magnoliopsida. Keep reading to enhance your knowledge on scientific classification of Orange.

Orange Order

Liliopsida and Magnoliopsida are the two classes in which plants can be classified. Plants belonging to Liliopsida class are monocotyledons whereas plants belonging to Magnoliopsida are di-cotyledons. Oranges belongs to Magnoliopsida class. This class is further sub-divided into order and the Orange order is Sapindales.

Orange Family

Family is a subdivision of order. Orange family is Rutaceae. Identification of Scientific Name of Orange is done by considering its genus and species. Species having similar characteristics are placed in a particular genus. Oranges are placed under Citrus genus. All fruits belonging to a particular species are ecologically same. This fruit belongs to C. × sinensis species.

What is the Taxonomy of Orange?

What is the taxonomy of Orange? The broadest taxonomy of this fruit is its kingdom and more specific ones are genus and species. Division, class, order and family are the other basis for scientific classification of Orange. But why is this classification required? There are more than a million of species in this world and some are yet to be discovered. Classification helps study them easily. Scientific classification means grouping together on the basis of similar traits or characteristics. Fruits can also be classified and grouped on the basis of their family, order, division and class. Scientific Classification of this fruit makes things organized and easy to fetch information.

Detailed scientific classification of this fruit is given below-

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Order: Sapindales
  • Family: Rutaceae
  • Genus: Citrus
  • Species: C. × sinensis